Water is a multifaceted resource, critical not only to human welfare and the environment, but also for a country’s economic fortunes. The latest Tanzania Economic Update, published by the World Bank, describes the urgent need for better water resource management to ensure that water does not impede Tanzania’s development.

A poignant picture that captures the scale of the water crisis faced by this country would be that of the Great Ruaha river. The river is a shadow of its former self, running dry for 2–4 months each year. With its wet season water flow now also under threat, communities and industries downstream—including hydropower generation—are under increasing stress.

This example illustrates one of the key challenges of water resource management: the need for proactively managing trade-offs in water use across many different stakeholders.

Learn more about Tanzania, and what can be done to meet the challenge of how to manage water here.

Photo credits: World Bank